Some parties are producing thousands of e-discovery documents and emails all bundled in a single PDF. That is clearly not how those items were ordinarily maintained and it’s certainly not reasonably useful (F.R.Civ.P 34(b)(2)(E)(ii)). Here are reasons why all-in-one PDF productions are unreasonably burdensome on the receiving party: Pages with No Text Are Invisible for […]

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PDF standards enable users to embed or include non-visible metadata within PDFs as attribute name and attribute value pairs. This feature can be used to embed referential metadata normally stored and used external to the files to help find or otherwise work with them. Here are some reasons why embedding metadata values can be a […]

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…Using Multiple Compression Algorithms within Individual PDFs PDF files are ubiquitous because they provide a standards-based way to store and disseminate content without being tied to specific viewing software. PDF files often makeup a large percentage of the total number of files and occupy a large share of the total drive space used by an […]

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